Language Family: Language Isolate
Language known as: Kootenay, Kootenai
The Ktunaxa A people have lived on the lands adjacent to the Columbia and Kootenay Rivers and the Arrow Lakes of British Columbia for more than 10,000 years. Their traditional territory extends approximately 70,000 square kilometres within the Kootenay region of BC (southeastern corner) and also included areas in Alberta, Montana, Washington and Idaho. The Ktunaxa people travelled within the territory according to the seasons and availablity of food.
When the Europeans settled in the Kootenay region, around the 1800s, the Indian Reserves were created and lead to the present Indian Bands. There are seven bands within the nation that can be found in the traditional territory.
Five of the bands are found in British Columbia and two are located in the United States.1
State of the Language
Footnotes / References
1. unknown (n.d.). About the Ktunaxa People.
2. Language Data from Lower Kootenay Band (2014), Language Needs Assessment #3459
3. Language Data from Tobacco Plains Indian Band (2014), Language Needs Assessment #3457
4. Language Data from St Mary's Indian Band (2009), Language Needs Assessment #1188
5. Language Data from Aqam (St. Mary's Indian Band Administration) (2015), Language Needs Assessment #3540
Audio Clip References
A. Ktunaxa - Gravelle, Liz (n.d.). Ktunaxa Archive.